Birth to 1 year Milestones

These communication milestones cover hearing, speech, and language development in children.


Birth to 3 Months

4 to 6 Months

7 to 9 Months

10 to 12 Months

What Can I Do To Help?

  • Pay attention to your child’s hearing. See if they turn to noise or look at you when you talk. Look for signs like crying while they are pulling on their ears, which could mean ear problems or infections. If you are concerned, see your doctor.
  • Respond to your child. Look at them when they make noises. Talk to them. Imitate the sounds they make.
  • Make silly faces with them. Laugh when they do.
  • Teach your baby to copy actions, like peek-a-boo, clapping, blowing kisses, and waving bye-bye. This teaches them how to take turns and use gestures.
  • Talk about what you do during the day. Say things like “Mommy is washing your hair”; “You are eating peas”; and “Oh, these peas are good!”
  • Talk about where you go, what you do there, and who and what you see. Say things like, “We are going to Grandma’s house. Grandma has a dog. You can pet the dog.”
  • Teach animal sounds, like “A cow says ‘moo.’”
  • Sing, tell stories, or read to your child every day.
  • Talk to your child in the languages you are most comfortable using. Early exposure helps your child learn language best.