Developmental Progression of Grasp

Finger and hand skills such as writing, cutting, opening lunch boxes, and tying shoelaces. The development of these skills relies upon the age appropriate development of physical skills (such as core trunk control and shoulder strength) providing the stable base from which the arm and hand can then move with control.

Crude Ulnar-Palmar Grasp

(3-5 months)

Palmar Grasp

(5-6 months)

Radial-Palmar Grasp

(6-9 months)

Radial Digital and Immature Pincer Grasp

(10-18 months)

child holding

Pincer Grasp

(18-24 months)

Pincer Grasp

(18-24 months); Overall grasp patterns are well developed by age 5 but strength, dexterity, and precision continue to develop

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Palmar Supinate Grasp

(12-18 months)

Digital Pronate Grasp

(2-3 years)

Immature static tripod or quadrupod grasp

(3-4 years)

Children activities Speech Therapy

Dynamic tripod or quadrupod grasp

(4 years+)

Dynamic Tripod Grasp

Dynamic Quadrupod Grasp